Ulaanbaatar

The capital of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar is densely populated with over 1.3 million people. With almost half of the entire population of Mongolia living in the capital, it is no wonder Ulaanbaatar is the cultural, industrial, and financial heart of the country. It also connects the trans-Siberian railway in Russian and Chinese railways.

In English, the name Ulaanbaatar can be translated to the “Red Warrior”.

The city was founded in 1639 as Buddhist Monastery in the beginning and changed its location 28 times, considering its nomadic lifestyle and nature. It settled permanently in its present location, on the bank of the Tuul River, in 1778.

During the Manchu period, there weren’t many buildings but wooden houses. This changed during the 20th century, especially under communism. The city still has some soviet architectural touches in some districts. Out of the 9 districts of the capital, 3 districts are located outside of Ulaanbaatar in a distance of up to 110km.

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