Mongolian Gobi desert facts

This article is filled with Mongolian gobi desert facts and all the must-see destinations of the Gobi with their pictures.

Where is the Gobi desert?

The Gobi Desert is massive. It measures over 1,600 km (1,000 mi) from southwest to northeast and 800 km (500 mi) from north to south from the Tibetan plateau to the Gobi Altay Mountain range.

The Silk Road and the Tea Road used to pass through a few towns and settlements in the Gobi. Moreover, it is the 5th largest desert in the world and is now extending more to the grassland in China.

Fun fact: Gobi Means Desert in Mongolian. So Gobi desert means word for word “Desert” Desert in English.

What is the Gobi desert temperature?

The Gobi can be a surprisingly cold location, with frost and occasionally snow occurring on its dunes. Besides being quite far north, it is also located on a plateau roughly 900–1,500 meters /2,990–4,990 ft/ above sea level, which contributes to its low temperatures.

Wind from the Siberian Steppes during the winter may cause the Gobi to reach −40 °C /−40 °F/ in winter and 45 °C /113 °F/ in summer. As a result, the climate of the Gobi is one of the great extremes of the World with changes of temperature of as much as 35 °C /63 °F/ within only one day.

The lowest density of the population of Mongolia lived in the Gobi. ( lower than 0.4 people per 1 square km in 2017)

The most common vegetation in the Gobi desert are shrubs that have adapted to droughts through time. 

Top Gobi destinations:

Tsagaan Suvarga

Much of the Mongolian desert is not sandy but has exposed bare rock. There are different types of soil that indicate Tsaagaan Suvarga Canyons were once a bottom of an ancient sea.

Tsagaan Suvarga area hills with colorful minerals
Tsagaan Suvarga area hills with colorful minerals
Bayanzag, flaming cliffs

American paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews, who visited this amazing location in the 1920s, named the Flaming Cliffs of “Bayanzag”. Above all the area is most famous for yielding the first discovery of dinosaur eggs. Other finds in the area include specimens of Velociraptor and Eutherian mammals. 

This region is locally known and called Ulaan Ereg (Red dry river bank).

Flaming cliffs Mongolia during the evening
Flaming cliffs Mongolia during the evening
Mongolian Gobi Camels

The Bactrian camel has two humps on its back, in contrast to the single-humped dromedary camel.

Mongolian Bactrian camel with "cool" hairstyle
Mongolian Bactrian camel with “cool” hairstyle
Protoceraptors fossil bone

The Gobi Desert is the source of many important fossil finds, including the first dinosaur eggs. Protoceraptors’ fossil bones are hugely found in Gobi, Mongolia.

For more information about our tour to the Gobi, check out our “Khuvsgul Lake and Gobi Tour Mongolia”.

Fossil bone found in the Mongolian gobi
Fossil bone found in the Mongolian gobi
Khermen Tsav Canyon

One of the most beautiful canyons in the Gobi – Hermen Tsav, continues about 25 km long and more than 10 km wide. There are different soils and sand dunes in the canyon being washed by flash floods over the years and are changing their shape.

Khermen tsav canyon Mongolia
Khermen tsav canyon Mongolia
Khongor Sand Dunes

Khongor Sand Dunes are one of the most visited Sand dunes in Mongolia, reaching 200 m tall.

There are 33 different deserts named after the Golden Gobi in Mongolia. Like Shargiin Gobi, Galbiin Gobi and Lama Gobi and etc.

Clients walking in stunning dual scenery of the Golden gobi desert
Clients walking in stunning dual scenery of the Golden gobi desert
Volcanoes in the Gobi

There are about 50 ancient sleeping volcanoes in the Mongolian Gobi.

Gobi desert facts. Hatan Suudal - one of the 50 ancient sleeping volcanoes in the Mongolian Gobi
Hatan Suudal – one of the 50 ancient sleeping volcanoes in the Mongolian Gobi

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