Western Mongolia

The terrain of Western Mongolia consists of the Altai Mountain range and parts of the Khangai Mountain Range. The Great Lakes Depression is located between these ranges.

From Nairanmdal (Huiten) Peak, with an elevation of 4,374 metres (14,350 feet), near the point where the borders of Russia, Mongolia, and China meet, the Mongolian Altai or the Mongol Altayn Nuruu extend to southeast and east.

1500 glaciers coat the flanks of the highest peaks of this range as they cover an area of about 650 square km (250 square miles).

Many rivers here are shorter and shallower than other regions and often frozen in winter and dry in summer.

The Altai Mountain range rivers are fed by melted snow and summer rains and occasionally spring and summer floods. There are 3500 lakes, mostly of structural or glacial origin. The biggest Lake Uvs and many other lakes of this region have a high concentration of salt.

The climate in Western Mongolia is continental and has long and bitterly cold winters.

The local wildlife consists of a wide range of animal species, for example, marmots, bears, lynx, mountain goat, snow leopard, etc.

22 different ethnic groups of people live in this region, including Khalkh, Uriankhai, Kazakh, etc.

Population by provinces:

Bayan-Ulgii 110 597

Khovd          90 533

Uvs              83 524

Zavkhan      72 763

Gobi Altai    57 674

Total of:       415 091

All Western Mongolia destinations

Old Eagle Hunter with his eagle at Eagle Festival Mongolia
Ulgii town
Khoton Nuur lake Mongolia
Khoton Nuur Lake
Master and Eagle eye contact
Altai Town
Altai Tavan Bogd National Park glacier
Altai Tavan Bogd National Park

All Western Mongolia Tours

eagle photography tour
Best Selling Tour Mongolia

Golden Eagle Festival Mongolia 2024 -2025 Locally enjoyed festival

This local Golden Eagle Festival in September 15-16, 2023 is perfect for an up-close experience with both the locals and the tournaments.
Golden eagle festival parade
Best Selling Tour Mongolia

Golden Eagle Festival Tour 2024

Find out 2021 Golden Eagle Festival dates, locations and the best offered itinerary. It is one of the must see festivals organized in Asia.
Tailor-Made Tour Mongolia

Tailor-Made Tours Mongolia

Our travel experts will help create an exceptional journey according to your vision. With 18 years of experience, the Nomadic Trails team will carefully plan