Western Mongolia

The terrain of Western Mongolia consists of the Altai Mountain range and parts of the Khangai Mountain Range. The Great Lakes Depression is located between these ranges.

From Nairanmdal (Huiten) Peak, with an elevation of 4,374 metres (14,350 feet), near the point where the borders of Russia, Mongolia, and China meet, the Mongolian Altai or the Mongol Altayn Nuruu extend to southeast and east.

1500 glaciers coat the flanks of the highest peaks of this range as they cover an area of about 650 square km (250 square miles).

Many rivers here are shorter and shallower than other regions and often frozen in winter and dry in summer.

The Altai Mountain range rivers are fed by melted snow and summer rains and occasionally spring and summer floods. There are 3500 lakes, mostly of structural or glacial origin. The biggest Lake Uvs and many other lakes of this region have a high concentration of salt.

The climate in Western Mongolia is continental and has long and bitterly cold winters.

The local wildlife consists of a wide range of animal species, for example, marmots, bears, lynx, mountain goat, snow leopard, etc.

22 different ethnic groups of people live in this region, including Khalkh, Uriankhai, Kazakh, etc.

Population by provinces:

Bayan-Ulgii 110 597

Khovd          90 533

Uvs              83 524

Zavkhan      72 763

Gobi Altai    57 674

Total of:       415 091

All Western Mongolia destinations

Ulgii town
Khoton Nuur Lake
Altai Town
Altai Tavan Bogd National Park

All Western Mongolia Tours

Best Selling Tour

Local Eagle Festival Mongolia Tour

This local Golden Eagle Festival in September 15-16, 2021 and 2022 is perfect for an up-close experience with both the locals and the tournaments.
Best Selling Tour

Tailor Made Tour Mongolia

Choose your accommodation, internal airfare, mode of transport, events, activities, and even set your own trip pacing on your Tailor made tour Mongolia to any destination.
Best Selling Tour

Golden Eagle Festival Tour 2022

Witness the skill of Eagle and Hunter at one of the top festivals organized in Asia, the Golden Eagle Festival Mongolia with the best itinerary for your adventure of a lifetime.

WANT TO FIND OUT MORE?

Send us a quick email here: