In English, Ulaanbaatar can be named as the “Red Warrior”, has a population of over 1.3 million, which is almost half of all the population of Mongolia. It is the country’s capital city, cultural, industrial, and financial heart of Mongolia, which connects the trans Siberian railway in Russian and Chinese railways.
The city was founded in 1639 as Buddhist Monastery in the beginning and changed its location 28 times, considering its nomadic lifestyle and nature. It settled permanently in its present location, on the bank of the Tuul River, in 1778.
During the Manchu period, there weren’t many buildings but wooden houses. This changed during the 20th century, especially under communism. The city still has some soviet architectural touches in some districts. Out of the 9 districts of the capital, 3 districts are located outside of Ulaanbaatar in a distance of up to 110km.
Trips that include this destination
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