All about the Mongolian Gobi

This article is filled with interesting facts about the Mongolian Gobi and all its must-see destinations with their pictures.

Fun fact: Gobi Means Desert in Mongolian. So it means, “Desert” Desert in English.

All about the Gobi

Gobi Desert is massive, measures over 1,600 km (1,000 mi) from southwest to northeast, and 800 km (500 mi) from north to south from Tibetan plateau to Gobi Altay Mountain range.

Gobi dirt road scenery

Gobi desert is the 5th largest desert in the world and is now extending more to the grassland in China.

The Gobi can be a surprisingly cold location, with frost and occasionally snow occurring on its dunes. Besides being quite far north, it is also located on a plateau roughly 910–1,520 meters (2,990–4,990 ft) above sea level, which contributes to its low temperatures. An average of approximately 194 millimeters (7.6 in) of rain falls annually in the Gobi. Additional moisture reaches parts of the Gobi in winter as snow is blown by the wind from the Siberian Steppes. These winds may cause the Gobi to reach −40 °C (−40 °F) in winter to 45 °C (113 °F) in summer.

The climate of the Gobi is one of the great extremes, combined with rapid changes of temperature of as much as 35 °C (63 °F). These can occur not only seasonally but within 24 hours.

There are 33 different deserts named after the Gobi in Mongolia. Like Shargiin Gobi, Galbiin Gobi and Lama Gobi and etc.

In southern Mongolia, the temperature has been recorded as low as −32.8 °C (−27.0 °F). In contrast, in Alxa, Inner Mongolia, it rises as high as 37 °C (99 °F) in July.

Gobi vegetation

The most common vegetation in the Gobi desert are shrubs adapted to drought. 

Tsagaan Suvarga

Much of the Gobi is not sandy but has exposed bare rock. There are different types of soil that indicate Tsaagaan Suvarga Canyons were once a bottom of an ancient sea.

Tsagaan Suvarga Canyon
Tsaagaan Suvarga Canyon high view

Bayanzag, The flaming cliffs

It was given this name by American paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews, who visited this amazing location in the 1920s. The area is most famous for yielding the first discovery of dinosaur eggs. Other finds in the area include specimens of Velociraptor and Eutherian mammals. 

This region is locally called Ulaan Ereg (Red dry river bank).

Bayanzag Flaming Cliffs

Protoceraptors fossil bone

The Gobi Desert is the source of many important fossil finds, including the first dinosaur eggs. Protoceraptors’ fossil bones are hugely found in Gobi, Mongolia.

Fossils hidden in sand


The Bactrian camel has two humps on its back, in contrast to the single-humped dromedary camel.

For more information about our tour to the Gobi, check out our “Gobi Desert and Khuvsgul Lake Tour“.

Camel with cool hairstyle

Hermen Tsav Canyon

One of the most beautiful canyons in the Gobi – Hermen Tsav, continues about 25 km long and more than 10 km wide. There are different soils and sand dunes in the canyon being washed by flash floods over the years and are changing its shape.

Khermen Tsav Canyon
Khermen tsav view

Khongor Sand Dunes

Khongor Sand Dunes are one of the most visited Sand dunes in Mongolia, reaching 200 m tall.

There were a few towns and settlements in the Gobi that the Silk Road and Tea Roads used to pass through.

The lowest density of the population of Mongolia lived in the Gobi. ( lower than 0.4 people per 1 sq km in 2017)

Gobi Sand dunes with camels
Gobi colorful sand


There are about 50 ancient sleeping volcanoes in the Gobi. Hatan Suudal, one of the ancient volcanoes.

Hatan Suudal ancient volcano

Visit these amazing destinations on our “Gobi Desert and Khuvsgul Lake Tour“.

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