All about the Mongolian Gobi

This article is full of interesting facts about the Mongolian Gobi. Find about all its must-see destinations with their pictures.

The Gobi Desert is massive. It measures over 1,600 km (1,000 mi) from southwest to northeast and 800 km (500 mi) from north to south from the Tibetan plateau to the Gobi Altay Mountain range.

Fun fact: Gobi Means Desert in Mongolian. So it means, “Desert” Desert in English.

The Silk Road and the Tea Road used to pass through a few towns and settlements in the Gobi. Moreover, it is the 5th largest desert in the world and is now extending more to the grassland in China.

The Gobi can be a surprisingly cold location, with frost and occasionally snow occurring on its dunes. Besides being quite far north, it is also located on a plateau roughly 900–1,500 meters /2,990–4,990 ft/ above sea level, which contributes to its low temperatures.

Wind from the Siberian Steppes during the winter may cause the Gobi to reach −40 °C /−40 °F/ in winter and 45 °C /113 °F/ in summer. As a result, the climate of the Gobi is one of the great extremes of the World with changes of temperature of as much as 35 °C /63 °F/ within only one day.

The lowest density of the population of Mongolia lived in the Gobi. ( lower than 0.4 people per 1 square km in 2017)

The most common vegetation in the Gobi desert are shrubs that have adapted to droughts through time. 

Tsagaan Suvarga

Much of the Gobi is not sandy but has exposed bare rock. There are different types of soil that indicate Tsaagaan Suvarga Canyons were once a bottom of an ancient sea.

Bayanzag, The flaming cliffs

American paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews, who visited this amazing location in the 1920s, named the Bayanzag Cliffs “Flaming Cliffs”. Above all the area is most famous for yielding the first discovery of dinosaur eggs. Other finds in the area include specimens of Velociraptor and Eutherian mammals. 

This region is locally known and called Ulaan Ereg (Red dry river bank).

Mongolian Gobi Camels

The Bactrian camel has two humps on its back, in contrast to the single-humped dromedary camel.

Protoceraptors fossil bone

The Gobi Desert is the source of many important fossil finds, including the first dinosaur eggs. Protoceraptors’ fossil bones are hugely found in Gobi, Mongolia.

For more information about our tour to the Gobi, check out our “Khuvsgul Lake and Gobi Tour Mongolia”.

Khermen Tsav Canyon

One of the most beautiful canyons in the Gobi – Hermen Tsav, continues about 25 km long and more than 10 km wide. There are different soils and sand dunes in the canyon being washed by flash floods over the years and are changing their shape.

Khongor Sand Dunes

Khongor Sand Dunes are one of the most visited Sand dunes in Mongolia, reaching 200 m tall.

There are 33 different deserts named after the Golden Gobi in Mongolia. Like Shargiin Gobi, Galbiin Gobi and Lama Gobi and etc.

Volcanoes in the Gobi

There are about 50 ancient sleeping volcanoes in the Mongolian Gobi. Hatan Suudal, one of the ancient volcanoes.

Like this article?

Related Tours

Best Selling Tour

Khuvsgul Lake and Gobi Tour Mongolia

Highlights of this Gobi and Khuvsgul lake tour are the many natural wonders of both Gobi and Taiga and the ancient capital of Mongols, Kharkhorin.
Cultural Tour

Naadam Festival Tour Mongolia 2022

Visit the Golden Gobi, the ancient capital of Mongols Kharkhorin, and discover nomadic culture first-hand by visiting the Naadam Festival Tour Mongolia 2022.

Related Destinations

Yol Gorge
Tsagaan Suvarga
Khongor Sand Dunes
Khermen Tsav Canyon
Bayanzag Flaming Cliffs
Dalanzadgad Town

Related Blogs and Articles

Top 10 things to do in Mongolia
A list of top 10 things to do in Mongolia with reasons and pictures by Nomadic Trails. Make your own trails on your adventure of a lifetime in Mongolia!
Lonely Planet Winter on the Steppe
Section of an article Lonely Planet “Winter on the steppe”. It makes a reference to Nomadic Trails and our specialization in winter tours.
Naadam Festival Mongolia
For detailed information about the Naadam Festival, when it’s celebrated, and whether to participate in a local or main festival and more.
The Art of Hunting with Golden Eagles
The art of hunting with Golden Eagles offers a glimpse of a tradition dating back 900 years. For information about hunting eagles…

WANT TO FIND OUT MORE?

Send us a quick email here: